SALIENT FEATURES OF NANDYAL DISTRICT
LOCATION AND COMPOSITION:
The name Nandyal is from the word “Nandi Alayam”. This place is approximately center point of nine Nandi temples, and it has been as important pilgrimage site since the days of the Vijayanagar Kingdom owing to its nine Nandi temples. Nandyal District lies between the northern latitudes of 150 27’’ 49’’ and eastern longitudes of 780 28’’ 43’’.The altitude of the district varies from 100 ft above the mean sea level. This district is bounded on the north by Krishna rivers as well as Mahabubnagar district of Telengana State, on the south by Kadapa and Anantapur Districts on the west by the Kurnool district and on the east by Prakasam District. The district population with 1687541 as per 2011 Population Census, while in area with 9154 Sq. Kms.,The Nandyal District comprises 3 Revenue Divisions, 27 Revenue Mandals 26 Mandal Parishads, 5 Municipalities, 1 Nagara Panchyats 454 Gram Panchayats, 417 Revenue Villages.
Nallamalas and Erramalas are the two important mountain ranges in the district running in parallel from North to South. The Erramalas divide the district into two well defined tracts from East to West. Between Erramalas and Nallamalas lies the Eastern part of the district comprises Nandikotkur, Pagidyala, Kothapalli, Pamulapadu, Atmakur,Velgodu, J.Bunglow, Midthur, BandiAtmakur, Nandyal, Mahanandi,Banaganapalli, Owk,Koilakuntla, Rudravaram and Chagalamarri Mandals. This tract is crossed by the crest of Krishna and Pennar, watershed at the North part of thePagidyala mandal at about 1000 above the sea level. From this height the ground slopes to the South along the river Kundu till it traverses into Pennar valley. Major part of its tract is predominantly black cotton soils.
The Climate of the district is normally good and healthy. January, February and March months are usually pleasant with moderate winds from South-East. April and May are hottest months of the year, during these months the wind shifts to Southwest with increased force and brings welcome showers by the end of May. During the succeeding four months the wind blows from Western side in Major parts of the district and brings fair quantum of rainfall. By the end of September the wind is light and pleasant forecasting the on set of Northeast monsoon. In November and December the weather is fine, Rainfall is rare and wind is light with occurrence of heavy dew. District normal rainfall of the year is 724.9 mm. During 2019-20 the rainfall received is 784.1 mm.
The principal rivers flowing in the district are the Krishna and the Kunderu.The Kunderu also called Kumudvathi rises on the western side of Erramalas winds its way into Kunderu valley and flows in a Southern direction collecting drainage all along its course from either side. It flows through, Midthur, Gadivemula, Nandyal,Gospadu, Koilakuntla, Dornipadu and Chagalamarri mandals and there enters Kadapa District.
FLORA FOREST AND FAUNA FOREST:
The forestic composition of the district stands in direct relation to that climate and edaphic conditions and the biotic influence in various locations. The total area under forests is 301678 Hec. accounting for about 32 percent of a total geographical area of the district. The major parts of the forest area is confined mainly to the Nallamalas including its extensions, the Erramalas and a part of the Velikondas. The forests covering the Erramalas and Velikondas are of interior type Bamboo with timber species occurs fairly over extensive areas in the district. Tamarind and Beedi leaves are the important minor forest produce of the District. Wild animals are found in plenty in Nallamalas and Erramalas hills which afford an ideal abide for wild life tiger, panthers, bears, jackals,hyaenas wild bears, foxes, spotted dears, sambrs, black bucks, nelgais, wild sheep etc., are found in these forests. In order to preserve the wild animals, forest of the northern part of Nallamalas covering an area of about 46.815 hectares has been brought under the Nagarjuna Sagar – Srisailamwild life Sanctuary.
Partridges, peacocks, red jungle foul, green pigeon, quails are the chief game birds found in the forests. The great Indian Bustard (Batta Meka) an endangered bird species is found near Rollapadu village of Midthur mandal and an area of about 1,600 hectares around Rollapadu village has been declared as protected area for propagation of this
species.In the year 1983 Tiger project has been started near Srisailam covering 3,568 Sq.Km. of Nallamalas forest with 64 Tigers and 78 Panthers population as per 2003 Census.
LAND AND LAND USE :
The total Geographical area of the district is 9.154 lakh Hect. During the year 2019-20 the area covered by forest is 3.017 lakh Hects. which forms 32.95% to the total geographical area. The net area sown is 3.37 lakh Hects, forming 36.87% to the total geographical area. The total cropped area in the district 38.23 lakhs Hects. The area sown more than once during the year is 0.45 lakh Hects.
The gross cropped area of the district is 1.88 lakh Hects., are irrigated through canals, tanks, wells and other sources during 2019-20.
The district receives its power supply from Tungabhadra and Hampi Hydro
Electric Power Stations.
Srisailam Hydro-Electric Power Project is constructed across the river Krishna at a distance of 3 Kms. from famous Srisailam Temple. The total cost of Project wasRs.433 Crores. There are seven Hydro generators of 110 M.W. Capacity each and electricity produced during 2019-20 was 540.21 Million KWH.
MINERAL RESOURCES :
Kurnool District possesses enormous deposits of lime-stone suitable for cement manufacture, apart from this, the important minerals of economic value in the district are barites, yellow shale, white shale, steatite etc.,The annual out turn of the other minerals in the district is 45.53 lakh Tones during 2019-20